Each of you no doubt realize that the title of this lecture is taken from Goethe's Faust. You all know that in this poem, we show how Faust, a senior human efforts to enter into a deal with the forces of evil that's just on the other hand are presented in the poem Mephistopheles, emissary of hell. You will learn also that Faust has a deal with Mephistopheles, the action which must be signed by his own blood. Faust, in a moment, looking at it as a joke. Mephistopheles, however, at this point utters a statement that Goethe no doubt meant to be taken seriously: "Blood is a very special juice." Now, with reference to this line in Goethe's Faust, we arrive at the curious features of the so-called commentators Goethe.
Of course, you realize how vast literature in Goethe's version of the legend of employment Faust. This is a literature of such colossal dimensions that entire libraries could be full of it and, of course, I can not spread to the various comments made by such interpreters of Goethe about this particular passage. None of the interpretations does not throw much more light to the proposal than this recent commentator, Professor Minor (Minor). It is similar to others, treats it ironic in light of the comments made by Mephistopheles, and he therefore makes this a really interesting observation, and such that I would have asked you to give your best attention, for there is little doubt that you will be surprised to hear that for the strange conclusion of Goethe's commentators are able to withdraw.
Professor Minor remarks that "the devil is the enemy of the blood," and he points out that because the blood is that which maintains and preserves the life of the devil, who is the enemy of the human race, must consequently be the enemy of the blood. He then - and rightly - focuses on the fact that even in the oldest versions of the Faust legend - and indeed in all the legends - the blood always plays the same role.
In the ancient book of Faust thoroughly described as Faust makes a small incision in her left hand a small penknife and then how, when he takes pen to sign his name in the contract, the blood flowing from a cut forming the words: "Oh man, save yourself!" . All this is quite prodokumentirovano, but now comes the remark, that the devil is the enemy of the blood and that this is the reason for his claim that the signature should be written in blood.
I would like to ask you if you can imagine some person who wishes to possess the very thing to which it has an antipathy?
The only reasonable explanation that can be given - not just as Goethe's meaning in this passage, but also as a whole, attached to the main legend, and all over the ancient poems of Faust - is that the blood was for the devil than- something special, and that for him it was not indifferent whether the deal is signed in ink or conventional neutral blood. We can assume there is nothing else than the fact that the representative believes the forces of evil, no, I am convinced that it will be especially Faust in his power if he can only take possession of at least one drop of his blood. It is self-evident that no one can really understand the line anyway. Faust must sign his name his own blood, but not because the devil is hostile to it, but rather because he wants to get power over it. All the things that came to us in legends and myths of different nations and that relate to human life, are today subjected to a kind of transformation to the entire concept and interpretation of human nature.
Century has passed, in which the legends, stories and myths were regarded as only an expression of child-like imagination of the people. Indeed, time has passed, even when the floor-scientist, half-childish way, it would clarify the manner of a legend as a poetic expression of the national soul. Now, the so-called "poetic soul" of the nation is nothing but a product of academic bureaucracy, for this type of bureaucracy is just as much as formal diversity. Anyone who ever looked into the soul of the people, fully aware that he does not have to deal with an imaginary fiction, or something similar, but with something much deeper, and that in fact the legends and stories of different peoples is an expression of remarkable strength, and events. If a new point of view of spiritual study, we promeditiruem of ancient legends and myths, allowing a grand and powerful images that come to us from earliest times to act on our minds, we will find, if we are equipped for this task methods of occult science, that these legends and myths are an expression of the deepest and ancient wisdom.
This is true, we may at first be inclined to ask how it happened that in the primitive state of development and with primitive ideas neizoshrenny man was able to vividly imagine the mysteries of the universe in these legends and tales, and how it is that when we meditate on them now we contemplate them in the form of images that occult study now provides us with tremendous clarity. This is essentially what is at first inclined to cause a surprise. And yet, the one who penetrates deeper and deeper into the ways and means by which these legends and myths have come to existence, finds that any trace of surprise disappears, any doubt is, indeed, he will find in these tales are not only what is defined as naive and neizoshrennym look at things, but remarkably deep and wise and true expression of the original concept of the World. Much more can be learned thoroughly studying the foundations of these myths and legends than absorbing intellectual and modern experimental science. But for this kind of work, the student must of course be familiar with the research methods that belong to spiritual science. Now, all that is contained in the legends and the ancient world-conceptions about the blood tends to be significant, since in those remote times there was wisdom, through which people understand the truth and the broader significance of the blood, this "very special juice", which itself is the current lives of human beings.
We can not now go into the question came from the wisdom of ancient times, although some indication of this will be given at the end of the lecture, the actual study of this subject must, however, be carried over into future lectures. Blood itself, its value to humans and the role it plays in the progress of human civilization will occupy our attention today. We'll look at it not from a physiological and from a purely scientific point of view, but rather in terms of spiritual conception of the universe. We have the best closer to our subject if we first understand the meaning of the ancient principle, which is intimately connected with the civilization of ancient Egypt, where the priestly wisdom blossomed Hermes. It is an axiom that forms the fundamental principle of all spiritual science, and which became known as the Hermetic axiom, she says, "As above, so below."
You will find that there are many interpretations of this statement dilletantskih; explanation, however, that should occupy us today, there are the following: - It is clear to spiritual science that the world, which has mostly access through his five senses is not the whole world that he actually is only an expression of a deeper world, hidden behind it, namely, the spiritual world. Now, this is called the spiritual world - according to the Hermetic axiom - the higher world, the world "above", and the world of the senses, which is played out around us, the existence of which we know through our senses, and which we are able to learn through our intelligence, there is a lower the world "at the bottom," and is an expression of the higher and spiritual world. Thus, an occultist, looking at the world of feelings, sees him as nothing definitive, but rather a kind of physiognomy (physiognomy), which he recognizes as an expression of peace of soul and spirit, as well as when you look at the human face, you should not stop on the shape of the face and gestures, paying attention only to them, but must move along the line of the physiognomy and gestures to the spiritual element, which is expressed in them. What each person does instinctively when confronted essentially has a soul is what occultist and spiritual researcher makes for a World, "As above, so below" would be applied to man, explained as follows: "Every impulse animating his soul expressed in his face. " Hard and rough appearance of rudeness is the Soul, a smile speaks about the inner joy, tears, give suffering soul. I will here Hermetic axiom to the question: What actually is wisdom? Spiritual science has always maintained that human wisdom has something to do with the experience and it was a painful experience. Anyone who is in the throes of suffering manifests in suffering is something that is a lack of internal harmony. That, however, who overcomes the pain and suffering and make their fruit in itself, will always tell you that through suffering, he gained some measure of wisdom. He says, "joy and pleasure of life, all that life can offer me a way to meet all of these things I take with gratitude, I still much more reluctant to share the pain and suffering than these nice gifts for life - is my pain and suffering I owe my wisdom. " And so it is that in the wisdom of occult science always recognize what might be called crystallized pain - pain that was defeated, and thus changed into the opposite.
It is interesting to note that the materialistic modern research has recently reached exactly the same conclusion. Most recently published book, "Mimicry of thought (The Mimicry of Thought)", a book well worth reading. The author seeks to show how the inner life of man, his way of thinking, as it expresses itself in his physiognomy. The student of human nature directs attention to the fact that there is always something in the expression on the face of a thinker, which is related to what may be called "absorb the pain." So you see that this principle is coming to light in a materialistic point of view of modernity, great confirmation of the immemorial axiom of spiritual science. You will become more and more receptive to this and you will find that gradually, step by step, the ancient wisdom of re-manifest itself in the science of modern times. Occult investigation shows decisively that all things that surround us in this world - mineral foundation, vegetation and animal life - should be regarded as the physiognomical expression, or "bottom" of the "top" or spiritual life, located behind .
From the point of view taken in the occult, things are presented to us in the sensible world can only be properly understood if our knowledge includes knowledge of the "top" of the Spiritual arch-type, the original spiritual beings, where there was a manifestation of all things. And for this reason that today we will make our minds to explore what lies hidden behind the phenomenon of blood, which creates for itself in the blood of his physiognomical expression of feelings in the world. When once you understand this "spiritual foundation" of blood, you will be able to understand how knowledge of these things necessarily affects our whole mental outlook on life. Questions of great importance to jam us these days, issues dealing with education, not only young people but also entire nations. Moreover, we konfrontiruem critical issue of training, which humanity must be brought face in the future and who can not manage to be recognized by all who sees the great social upheavals of our time and the demands that were made elsewhere, whether it is a matter or question of labor peace.
All these things take our anxious minds. But all these issues clarified as soon as we recognize the nature of spiritual essence which lies behind our blood. Who can deny that this question is closely related to the racial issue, which is now once again leaves much to the fore? Still, the race question is so that we can never explain, yet we do not understand the mysteries of blood and the results arising from the mixing of blood of different races. And finally, there is another question, whose importance is becoming more and more relevant as we seek to extricate themselves from useless techniques dealing with it and are looking to approach it in its most exhaustive behavior.
This is a problem of colonization, which dates where only the civilized nations come into contact with the non-civilized, namely - To what extent are uncivilized peoples capable of becoming civilized? As can be completely barbaric savage become civilized? And how should we treat them? And here we must consider not only according to the sense of vague morality, but we also need to be konfrontiruemy great, serious problems of life and very existence. What is the blood itself, you are expected to know all of the teachings of modern science and estestennoy you realize that in relation to man and higher animals, the blood is almost current life. You realize that it is through the blood of the "inner man" comes into contact with what is external and that during this process, human blood absorbs oxygen, which is the very breath of life. Through the absorption of oxygen the blood is subjected to renewal. Blood, which is represented by flowing oxygen, is some kind of poison to the body - some kind of destroyer and destroyer - but after oxygen absorption blue-red blood is turned into the combustion process, oxidation of the red, life-giving liquid. This blood, which finds its way to all parts of the body, depositing its particles of food, has the task of direct assimilation of materials outside world and their applications, most probably a short method to feed the body. This is only necessary for humans and higher animals absorb oxygen from the air into it to form and maintain the body through it.
Someone gifted with knowledge of the shower, not without truth, said: "The blood circulation to her like a second substance and in relation to man from the bones, muscles and nerves, acting like there is no one view of the outside world." For the essence of the case, all a human being continuously draws its nourishment from the blood and at the same time, it unloads a couple of things for which it has no use. Human blood is, therefore, the true counterpart, always makes him company from which it draws new strength and that it gives all that it can no longer use.
"Current human life" is, therefore, a good name due to be given blood, for this ever-changing "special juice" is certainly important enough for a man, how much pulp for the lower organisms. Ernst Haeckel outstanding scientist (Ernst Haeckel), which go deep into the action of nature, a few of his popular works correctly drew attention to the fact that blood is in reality the last factor is due to be produced in the body. If we trace the development of human embryos, we find that the rudiments of bone and muscle develop long before the first tendency to form blood becomes apparent. The main work for the formation of blood with all its attendant system of blood vessels, occurs much later in the development of the embryo, and this is true, natural science has concluded that the formation of blood took place late in the evolution of the universe, that other forces that were there had to be raised to the height of the blood , so to speak, to bring to this height that should have been done internally in the human being. No sooner than a human embryo in repeated all the previous stages of human growth, thereby achieving an environment in which the world was before the formation of blood, is he ready to commit an act of the coronation of evolution - transforming and elevating all that came before in the "very special juice "which we call blood. If we wanted to explore the mysterious laws of the spiritual universe that exists behind the blood, we need to take a little bit with some of the most elementary concepts of Anthroposophy.
Those were often vydvigaemy and you will see that the basic ideas of Anthroposophy is "up" and that it is "above" is expressed in the major laws that control the blood - like the rest of life - as if in physiognomy. Those of prisutstvuschih who are already familiar with the main laws of Anthroposophy, will, I believe, is a brief repetition of them for the benefit of others who are here for the first time. Indeed, such repetition may submit these laws more and more clear the first hearing them, applied to new and special occasions. Meanwhile, of course, who does not know anything about anthroposophy, who have not familiarized yourself with these concepts of life and the universe, that I intend to say may seem no less, than too many words, bound together, from which they can not do anything. However, wine does not always consist in the absence of the idea behind the words, when the latter does not convey personality. Indeed, we can adapt here, with a slight change, a witty remark Lichtenberg (Lichtenberg), who said: "If the head and a book come into collision, and the resulting sound is empty, the fault does not have to be a book!" And so it is with our contemporaries, when they let go of judgment about the Theosophical truths. If the truth be heard in the ears of many as the only words, words to which they can not attach any importance, wine should not need to stay with Anthroposophy, those however, who found his way into the heart of the matter, recognize them for all indications at the higher beings, and such creatures do exist, although it should not be Wanted in the world of feelings.
Our theosophical concept of the universe shows us that man, as he opens our senses to the outside world about its shape and form, is only part of all human beings, and that in fact there are many other parts of the physical body. Man has this physical body in common with the so-called "lifeless" mineral objects that surround him. Over and above this, however, people have etheric or vital body. This etheric or life body, as it is sometimes called, far from the fiction of the imagination, is clearly visible spiritual sentiments developed occultist as well as externally perceived colors are to the physical eye. This is the etheric body can really be seen clairvoyant. This is a principle that calls for the life of inorganic materials, which causes them out of their lifeless state vpryadaet them in the thread of life attire. Do not imagine that this body is to the occultist just something he added in thought to what is lifeless. This is what scientists are trying to do the natural sciences! They are trying to complete what they see microscope by inventing something that they call the life-principle. Now, this view is not accepted by the Theosophical study. It has fiksirovnny principle. It does not say, "Here I stand as a seeker as I am. Everything that exists in the world must be approached my present point of view. What I am unable to perceive, that has no existence!" This sort of argument is to have some meaning, as if a blind man would have to say that color is just the essence of imagination. The man who knows nothing about the essence of affairs is not in a position to judge her, but rather the one in whose sphere of experience, such cases are entered. Now, man is in a state of evolution, and for this reason that Anthroposophy says: "If you stay the way you are, you will not see the etheric body and may, therefore, is really to talk about" the boundaries of knowledge "and" ignorabimus "(" Ignorabimus "- - do not know (and do not know)), but if you grow and acquire the necessary skills to recognize spiritual things, you will no longer talk about "the boundaries of knowledge," because they exist only as long as people did not develop the inner senses. " It is for this reason that agnosticism imposes so heavy a burden on our civilization, for he says: "Man is such and such a creature as such and thus he can only know this and that." Such a doctrine, we say: "Although it is such and such today, it must be another, and when he is different, if he finds something else."
Thus, the second part of the etheric body of man is that he has shared with the vegetable kingdom. The third part is the so-called astral body, meaningful and beautiful name, reason for which will be explained later. Theosophists who wish to change the name, may not have any idea what this means. The astral body is assigned the task, both in man and animal, the vital substance of elevation to the level of feeling, so that the viability of a substance can move not only fluid but also that it could be expressed by what is known as pain and pleasure, joy and grief. And here you have the essential difference between plant and animal, although there is some state of transition between the two. A recent school of naturalists was the opinion that the feeling in its literal sense, should also be attributed to the plants, but there is strumming the words: for though it is obvious that certain plants are susceptible of such organizations, that they "respond" to certain things that can be brought by their close, yet this condition can not be described as a "feeling".
To "feel" could exist, the image must be formed within the substance, as a reflex that makes perception. If, therefore, certain plants respond to external stimuli, it is not proof that the plants are experiencing it internally. What is inner experience, located in the astral body. And so we have come to see that what the animal has reached the state consists of the physical body, etheric body and astral body. The man, however, rises above the animal through the possession of something quite distinctive and thoughtful people at all times aware of what this superiority consists. It states that Jean-Paul (Jean Paul) speaks of himself in his autobiography. He describes that he could not remember a day when he was a child in the village yard parental home and the thought suddenly flashed through his mind that he has the ego, being able to say "I" itself, and he tells us that it made a deep impression on him. All the so-called external science Soul lurks the most important point, which is involved here. I ask you therefore to follow me for a few moments to review the establishment of what is a very subtle argument, which still show you how things are the case. In all of human speech, there is one little word that is completely different from all others. Each of you can name the things around you, anyone can call a table a table and chair, a chair. But there is one word, one name that you can not attach to anything else except to those who possess it, and this little word is 'I'.
No one can refer to another as an "I". This "I" should sound out naivnutrenneyshego Soul itself, and this is the name that soul itself can apply to ourselves. Any other person is "you" to me, "I" is "you" to her. All religions recognize this "I" as an expression of the principle of the soul, through which naivnutrenneyshee creature of his divine nature is able to speak. Here, then, begins what may never come through the senses, that never in its relevance can not be called from outside, but that should sound out naivnutrenneyshego beings. Here he begins a monologue, the conversation with the soul itself, which gives the divine self is aware of his presence, when the way is clear for the arrival of the Spirit into the human soul. In the religions of the early civilizations of the ancient Hebrews, for example, the name was known as the "unspoken name of God," and whatever interpretation modern philology might choose to impose on him, the ancient Hebrew name of God has no other meaning than that which is expressed in Our word "I".
Thrill passed through those gathered, when "the name of the unknowable God," uttered devoted when they dimly perceive what those words meant, proclaimed in the temple: "I am I-Is." This word expressed the fourth principle of human nature, that which man has only as long as he on earth, and that "I", in turn, finds and develops the rudiments of a higher stage of humanity. We can only cast a cursory glance at what the future will be developed through the fourth principle. We must point out that the person has a physical body, etheric body, astral body and ego, or indeed the inner self, and the inside of the inner self, what is the rudiments of the three higher stages of development, which originate in the blood. These three have Manas (Manas), Buddhi (Buddhi) and Atma (Atma): Manas, the Spirit-Self (Spirit-Self) as a distinctive form of bodily self, Buddhi, Life-Spirit (Life-Spirit); Atma, the real and true Spirit-Man (Spirit-Man), a distant ideal of man today, a rudimentary bud, now hidden inside, but is intended in future centuries to achieve perfection. We have seven colors in the rainbow, the seven sounds seven series corpuscular weights and seven grades in the scale of the human existent, and those again are divided into four lower and three higher.
We now try to get a clear insight into the way in which this upper spiritual triad provides physiognomical expression in the lower quaternary and how it appears to us in the world of feelings. Take, for example, in the first place that crystallized in the form of the human physical body, he has shared them with all that is called the "lifeless" nature. When we talk about theosophically physical body, we do not even mean that the eye sees, but rather that a combination of forces that formed the physical body, that life force that exists behind the visible form. Let's now look at the plant. It is being with the etheric body, which elevates the physical substance of life, that is, it converts this substance into a living juice. What is it that transforms the so-called lifeless forces in a living juice?
We call it the etheric body and etheric body performs exactly the same work in animals and humans, it induces that has only a material being, moreover, to become a live configuration, a living form. The etheric body is in turn permeated the astral body. And what does the astral body? It encourages the substance, which was set in motion the internal experience of the circulation of fluids moving outward so that the outward movement is reflected in the inner experience. We have now reached a point where we are able to understand a person insofar as it relates to its place in the animal kingdom. All the substance of which man is composed, such as oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, etc., must be found outside in nature, inanimate as well. If the fact that the etheric body transformed into a living substance must have inner experiences, if it is to create internal reflection of what is happening externally, the etheric body must be permeated by what we have come to learn how to astral body, for it is the astral body that allows you to experience sensation.
But at this stage, the astral body is feeling just a special way. The etheric body change inorganic substances into living fluids and the astral body, in turn, transforms these live in the sensual liquid substance, but - and this I ask you particularly to notice - that it is the fact that a creature with no more than these three bodies can feel ? It feels only himself, his own life-processes, it leads a life that lies within. Now, this is the most interesting fact, and one, of extreme importance for us to see in your mind.
If you look at one of the lower animals, that you will find that it is completed? It transformed the substance into unenlivened living substance living substance and the substance of a sensual, sensuous, and the substance can only be found where there are, in all cases, the rudiments of the fact that in a later stage appears as a well-developed nervous system. Thus we have unenlivened substance living substance and the substance, imbued with nerves capable of sensation. If you look at the crystal, you should recognize it primarily as an expression of certain natural laws that prevail in the outer world in the so-called lifeless realm.
No crystal can not be formed without the aid of the whole of nature. No connection can not be separated from the chains of the Cosmos and installed separately by itself. And also maybe a little separated from its human environment, which if being raised to a height of even a few miles, must inevitably perish. Also, as people think here in the place where he is, where necessary combined forces in it, as it is in respect to the crystal, and therefore, anyone considering a crystal is true, see in it a picture of the whole of nature, indeed the entire cosmos. What Kuve (Cuvier) said there is indeed the case, namely, that a competent anatomist will be able to say to which class any given animal bones belonged, each animal has its own special kind of bone formation. Thus, the entire cosmos lives in the form of a crystal. In the same way, the entire cosmos is expressed in the living substance of a particular substance. Fluid flowing through the creature is, at the same time, small world and the equivalent of the big world.
And when the substance was capable of feeling that then lives in the most elementary feelings of creatures? Such sentiments reflect the cosmic laws, so that every single living creature perceives within himself microcosmically a macrocosm. The sensual life of the elementary creation is, therefore, the life of the universe, as well as the crystal is the image of its shape. The consciousness of living beings is, of course, but vague. Yet this is the vagueness of his consciousness protivobalansirovana much larger area, for the whole cosmos is felt in the vague consciousness of elemental beings.
Now, in man there is only a more complicated structure of the same three bodies that were found in the simplest sense-living thing. Take a person - without consideration of his blood - we take it as being made of the substance of the surrounding physical world and containing, as a plant, some juices, which transform it into living substance, and in which the nervous system is gradually becoming organized. This first is the nervous system, the so-called sympathetic system in the case of humans, it extends along the entire length of the spine, to which it is attached by small threads on each side. It has, so on each side a series of plexuses from which the threads are branched to various parts, such as the lungs, digestive organs, and so on. This is the sympathetic nervous system gives rise to the first feeling of life as just described.
But human consciousness does not extend deep enough to allow him to follow the cosmic process, as reflected by these nerves. They are a means of expression, and how human life is formed from the surrounding cosmic world, so this space is reflected back into the world of the sympathetic nervous system.
These neuro live in a vague inner life and if people would be able to dive down into the "sympathetic" system and lull its highest system to sleep, he would observe in the illuminated state of life, the silent action of the powerful Cosmic laws. In the past, people had a clairvoyant ability, which has now been replaced, but that can be perezhivaema when the special processes of higher activity of the nerve system is suspended, thus freeing up the lower or subconscious mind.
At such times a man lives in the nerve system, which his own special way is a reflection of the world. Certain lower animals do still retain a state of consciousness and, although vague and uncertain, yet it is much more far-reaching than the human mind today. Widely recognized as the world extends a vague inner life, not just a small section of such, as seen by modern man.
However, in the case of man there is something else in addition. When the evolution progressed so far that the sympathetic nervous system has been developed so that the cosmos was reflected in her being involved again at this point reveals itself outwardly, to the sympathetic system is added to the spinal cord. The system of the brain and spinal cord then leads to such bodies, through which the connection is established with the outside world. Man, progressing so far, is no longer a duty to act only as a mirror to reflect the original laws of cosmic evolution, but the relationship is established between itself and the reflection of the outside world. The connection between the sympathetic nervous system and the system is higher expressi